The countries of the Western Balkans (official candidates, Albania, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia, as well as potential candidates for Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo) are covered by the Agreement. All six have stabilization and association agreements (ASA) in force with the EU. The Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia) and the Eastern European countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, but without Russia, which insists on the creation of four COMMON EU-Russia areas) fall under the EPI. Seven Mediterranean countries have established a “Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreement” (EMAA) with the EU, while Palestine has an interim EMAA agreement.  Syria signed an EMAA in 2008, but the signing was postponed sine die. Negotiations for a framework agreement with the remaining Libyan state have been suspended. The Republic of Moldova and Ukraine of the Eastern Partnership have entered into association agreements. Armenia concluded A.A. negotiations in 2013, but decided not to sign the agreement, while Azerbaijan was negotiating an AA. Countries wishing to cooperate closely with the EU can enter into a stabilisation and association agreement with the European Union. Such agreements are particularly common in trade policy.
Different reciprocal rights and obligations are conferred on the partner depending on the design of the contract. 7. In many cases, the Association Agreement replaces a cooperation agreement and thus strengthens relations between partners. The fourth EU Implementation Report (other languages), published in November 2020 and preceded by the preface by DG Commerce Director-General Sabine Weyand (other languages), provides an overview of the results achieved in 2019 and the remarkable work for the EU`s 36 main preferential trade agreements. The accompanying staff working document provides detailed information in accordance with the trade agreement and trading partners. In addition to these two policies, free trade agreements have been signed with other states and trading blocs, including Chile and South Africa. Association agreements generally also provide for convergence and cooperation in the field of labour and social affairs. The federal Department of Labour and Social Affairs is involved in the design and subsequent evaluation of agreements in this area. So far, this has been particularly important for the Association Agreement with Turkey (Ankara Agreement: 1963) and those with all Western Balkan countries (Macedonia: 2004). Albania: 2009; Montenegro: 2010; Bosnia and Herzegovina: 2015; Serbia: 2013; Kosovo: 2016). These agreements have recently been concluded with three Eastern Partnership countries (Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova). The environmental effects for countries exporting agricultural products from wetlands or other environmental regions, for example Brazil, have been increasingly documented by environmental groups that oppose EU trade agreements.
 In addition, other industries with significant environmental impacts, such as mining, are developing in areas with low regulatory burdens, such as South America and Asia. Inter-professional organisations have argued that increasing economic performance in these sectors will only strengthen standards in participating countries and that EU trade agreements should go hand in hand with efforts to harmonize environmental legislation.  The EU has trade agreements with these countries/regions, but both sides are now negotiating an update.